Nontoxic Ways to Protect Your Pet (2023)

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How to find family-friendly flea and tick products that will provide effective care without skull-and-crossbones ingredients.

January 22, 2016 Karen L. Smith-Janssen

One of the most mind-boggling choices dog and cat owners face is how to safely guard against fleas and ticks. Those creepy crawlers aren’t just gross; they can transmit disease to both pets and people. Pets need protection, but many of the solutions on store shelves are loaded with chemicals that could be risky to their health—and yours.

So what’s a responsible pet lover to do? The key is to stop the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency from allowing these harmful products to reach store shelves in the first place. Until the EPA does this, however, you can educate yourselfabout the risks and benefits of various treatment options, then bring that knowledge to the store. There are ways to keep all your family members, including the furry ones, safe from dangerous pestsandthe most toxic ingredients.

The perils of pest protection

Most conventional flea and tick products—including collars, topical treatments, sprays, and dusts—are registered as pesticides and regulatedby the EPA. (Those given orally, like pills, must be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.) But here’s the ugly truth: Many of the pesticides allowed for use on pets are linked to serious health issues in people, such as cancer and neurological and respiratory problems. Pets can also suffer: Skin irritation, neurological problems, gastrointestinal disorders, and even organ failure have been reported as a result of pet poisonings.

The government has faced criticism from NRDC and other watchdog groups about insufficient safety standards for these products. Consumers, as well as some veterinarians, don’t know the whole story, says NRDC senior scientist Miriam Rotkin-Ellman. “Many vets count on the EPA to make sure that the products on the market are safe if used correctly.” Unfortunately, the ingredients in these products are still quite dangerous, and regular use can result in unsafe exposure, particularly for children and pregnant women.

For example, even low-level exposure to organophosphates and carbamates—two particularly dangerous families of pesticides found in some flea treatments as well as in agricultural and lawn products—have been linked to learning disabilities in children. For this reason, most household uses of these pesticides have already been banned. Unfortunately, kids can still be exposed to them from their furry siblings' flea collars or other products.

Going nontoxic.Fortunately for many families, fleas can be controlled without resorting to harmful chemicals. Always try the strategies below first before considering chemicals—safer chemicals—if additional protection is needed. Here’s what you can do:

Groom your pets regularly.Common soap and water will kill adult fleas. In addition, comb your animal’s fur with a fine-tooth flea comb, and dunk any critters into a container of sudsy water.

Clean, clean, clean.Wash your pet’s bedding weekly in hot, soapy water, and vacuum and wipe down pet-frequented surfaces often, including behind and underneath furniture and between couch cushions. If you’re the victim of a flea infestation, Karyn Bischoff, a toxicologist at the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, recommends doing this daily. For severe cases, professional steam cleaning may be needed for your carpets.

(Video) Non-Toxic and Toxic Plants to Protect Your Pets | Pet-friendly Plants

Take preemptive steps in your yard and garden.It helps to put beneficial nematodes—worms that eat flea larvae—in the soil where your pet is likely to frolic. Find them in garden supply stores or online.

Diatomaceous earth is a less toxic option for the home and yard, says Rotkin-Ellman, “but it can be really damaging if it is inhaled or gets into your or your pet’s eyes.” Use caution and protective gear, and use it only in areas where pets and kids won’t be exposed. Look for products marketed to control pests, and avoid the kind used in swimming-pool systems.

Be wary of products marketed as “natural.”Sadly, there’s no magic nontoxic bullet to wipe out these pests. Natural products and herbal remedies should also be approached with caution. They may not work—and some aren’t safe, says Bischoff. Many of these contain peppermint, cinnamon, lemongrass, cedarwood, or rosemary oil. While these may be safer than some of the synthetic chemicals, they have also been linked to allergies in both pets and humans, and not much is known about how well they actually work. If you give these a try, monitor your pet and family closely for adverse reactions.

Considering chemicals

There are varying degrees of danger when it comes to these products and the chemicals they contain. Work with your vet to craft a custom plan for your pet,and keep some basic guidelines in mind to spot safer products:

Ask about oral flea-prevention treatments.Pills with the active ingredients lufenuron, nitenpyram, or spinosad can be a better option, for both animals and humans, than treatments that leave residue on fur that might get on hands or furniture. But oral meds need to be prescribed by a vet and are considerably more expensive, so they may not be a realistic option for all pet owners.

Identify safer ingredients.If chemical products are necessary for additional flea or tick control, NRDC recommends s-methoprene or pyriproxyfen, which are less toxic ingredients—but read the labels carefully because some products use them with other, more harmful pesticides. Avoid products that include synthetic neonicotinoids (like imidacloprid and dinotefuran), which are harmful to bees and may be toxic to the developing brain of young kids.

Be wary of flea collars.These products can contain some of the most dangerous insecticides, including tetrachlorvinphos, carbaryl, and propoxur. Some of the collars posing the greatest risk are already being phased out of production, andNRDC is suingthe EPA to ban the rest. Until that happens (and until older products are off store shelves entirely), either avoid collars altogether or be vigilant about searching labels for those particular active ingredients.

Use extra caution with tick products.When it comes to tick prevention—or combination flea-and-tick products—the news is even grimmer. Most products designed to repel these buggers include possible carcinogens and nervous-system toxins like fipronil, permethrin, pyrethrins, or imidacloprid. “Our recommendation for ticks is to use the least toxic option available, at the lowest level, and only when you need it,” Rotkin-Ellman says. If you live in an area where ticks and Lyme disease are prevalent, you probably need protection—but talk to your vet about how much and how often. Pregnant women and young children should minimize their exposure.

Buy a species-specific product.Two common ingredients in flea-and-tick products, permethrin and pyrethrins, are very toxic to cats. Don’t put these ingredients on your dog, either, if you also have a cat that could snuggle up with or brush against it.

Choose the right formula for your pet’s weight.An EPA investigation showed that small dogs (10 to 20 pounds) were most likely to have reactions such as rashes, vomiting, diarrhea, and seizures from topical treatments. Dogs that are old, young, sick, or on meds are also at higher risk. (Flea and tick control can interfere with other medications, rendering them ineffective or even poisonous.) There are even breed-specific sensitivities, so a conversation with your vet is in order before you decide how to proceed.

Don’t rely on shampoos.Flea and tick shampoo may seem like a safer, more cost-effective option, but they often contain many of the same ingredients as topical treatments and can cause adverse reactions and allergies, Bischoff says. Moreover, they’re not meant to take the place of preventive options. “You’d use a shampoo for an animal with an infestation and then, usually, follow up with a topical treatment,” she says. Read labels, and take the same precautions with shampoos as you would with spot-on or collar products.

Report health issues immediately.If you or your pet reacts to a pet product containing pesticides, call your local poison control center, talk to your doctor, and, later, report it to the National Pesticide Information Center at 800-858-7378.

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FAQs

What would you do to protect your pet? ›

Five ways to protect pets in winter
  1. Keep pets sheltered. Keep your pets inside with you and your family. ...
  2. Bundle up, wipe down. No matter what the temperature is, windchill can threaten a pet's life. ...
  3. Remove common poisons. ...
  4. Protect outdoor animals. ...
  5. Speak out.

What is the best non toxic flea treatment for dogs? ›

Citronella, tea tree, peppermint, eucalyptus, and neem are all great essential oils for getting rid of fleas. Add 10 to 20 drops to a spray bottle filled with water and spray on your pet's coat, taking care to avoid their eyes.

How do I get rid of fleas in my yard without harming pets? ›

Nematodes are a great natural solution for killing fleas in the yard. Beneficial nematodes are microscopic worms that feed on flea eggs and larvae. These worms are 100% safe for humans, pets, vegetation, grass and gardens. You can purchase beneficial nematodes at your local home improvement store or on Amazon.

In what 5 ways do we protect animals? ›

It's easy to celebrate World Wildlife Day with World Animal Protection — check out these 5 ways you can save animals and protect wildlife today.
  • #StopTheSelfies. ...
  • Say no to exotic pets. ...
  • Avoid cruel animal attractions. ...
  • Be an animal-friendly tourist. ...
  • Help us rescue wild animals in need.
4 Mar 2020

What are three things to protect animals? ›

PROTECTING WILDLIFE
  • Plant native species. Creating planet- and wildlife-friendly environments can start right in your own backyard and in your community. ...
  • Help the zoo or aquarium. ...
  • Make your yard a wildlife haven. ...
  • Avoid harmful chemicals. ...
  • Pick up trash. ...
  • Become a citizen scientist. ...
  • Learn about endangered species. ...
  • Adopt an animal.

What naturally kills fleas on dogs? ›

7 Top Home Remedies for Fleas on Dogs
  1. Coconut Oil. Coconut oil contains a fatty acid called lauric acid, a component that kills fleas. ...
  2. Apple Cider Vinegar. Apple cider vinegar has a high pH level, and it works as a natural flea repellent. ...
  3. Citrus Bath. ...
  4. Essential Oils. ...
  5. Diatomaceous Earth. ...
  6. Baking Soda and Salt. ...
  7. Nematodes.

What is the least toxic flea and tick prevention for dogs? ›

If chemical products are necessary for additional flea or tick control, NRDC recommends s-methoprene or pyriproxyfen, which are less toxic ingredients—but read the labels carefully because some products use them with other, more harmful pesticides.

What kills fleas on dogs instantly DIY? ›

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar's slightly acidic pH level creates an inhospitable environment for fleas. Mix six cups of ACV with four cups of water (use a 6:4 ratio), add a pinch of salt, and spray the mixture on your dog's coat and underbelly, making sure to avoid their eyes and any wounds they may have.

Do banana peels keep fleas away? ›

Yes, this one sounds a little wacky, but banana peels tossed on the floor will kill fleas (we understand it's the potassium in the bananas that does the trick). You might have to tuck the peels away if your dog tries to eat them or place them in rooms your dog doesn't have access to at the time.

Does spraying vinegar keep fleas away? ›

Apple cider vinegar can't kill fleas, but it can help to repel them. Fleas don't like the smell or taste of it, so they're likely to avoid your pet if they have it on their fur. Dilute apple cider vinegar in water and add it to a spray bottle.

Does vinegar keep fleas off pets? ›

While Apple Cider Vinegar does not kill fleas, it may repel them because fleas dislike its smell and taste. One of the most simple ways to use this natural flea repellent is to make a solution out of equal parts apple cider vinegar and water.

What kills fleas without harming cats? ›

Grooming/brushing: Combing daily, especially with a flea comb, can remove live and dead fleas from your cat. Concentrate on areas where fleas like to hide, like the neck, armpits, groin, and the base of your cat's tail. Shampoos: Bathing your cat with a pet-specific flea shampoo also removes fleas.

What instantly kills fleas on cats? ›

The pill nitenpyram (Capstar) kills adult fleas on your cat within 30 minutes. It doesn't have any lasting effects, though. Spinosad (Comfortis) is a fast-acting chewable that starts killing fleas before they lay eggs.

How do you get rid of fleas without chemicals? ›

Fortunately, there are a handful of homemade flea remedies you can try to help prevent and get rid of fleas.
  1. Dish soap. This home flea remedy involves creating a flea trap using dish soap and some water. ...
  2. Herbal flea spray. ...
  3. Baking soda. ...
  4. Salt. ...
  5. Lemon spray. ...
  6. Diatomaceous earth. ...
  7. Rosemary. ...
  8. Flea repelling plants.

What is the best way to protect endangered animals and? ›

Scientists tell us the best way to protect endangered species is to protect the special places where they live. Wildlife must have places to find food, shelter and raise their young. Logging, oil and gas drilling, over-grazing and development all result habitat destruction.

What are 2 examples of how a behavior can protect an animal? ›

For example, a mother dog not only nurses her puppies. She also washes them with her tongue and protects them from strange people or other animals. All of these behaviors help the young survive and grow up to be adults. Rabbits run away from foxes and other predators to stay alive.

What are 3 ways to protect a species in an area? ›

15 Actions to Protect Endangered Species
  • Learn about endangered species in your area. ...
  • Create a backyard wildlife habitat. ...
  • Establish a pollinator garden with native vegetation in your yard. ...
  • Minimize use of herbicides and pesticides.

What do fleas hate on dogs? ›

Citronella, eucalyptus, peppermint, tea tree, and rosemary will all naturally repel fleas. If your dog doesn't mind a spray bottle, dilute a few drops of your chosen essential oil into a 300ml-400ml of water and spray directly onto your dog's coat.

Can I sprinkle baking soda on my dog? ›

In between wet shampoos, baking soda may be used for dry shampooing dogs and cats,” says Pickard. “Start by brushing your pet to remove any dirt or loose hair. You may want to do the next step outside. Rub baking soda into your pet's fur and massage it into their skin, making sure not to set it into their eyes.

Should you put coconut oil on your dog? ›

Coconut oil can add moisture to your dog's skin and prevent flaking. It also helps freshen up a dog's coat if used with a light touch. To use it topically, simply rub a very small amount onto your hands and then gently pat the coat, run your fingers through the fur, and massage a little down onto the skin.

What naturally repels fleas and ticks? ›

Cedar – Fleas and ticks are deterred by cedar, so adding a few drops to a carrier oil or your dog's shampoo can help to keep them off your pup. Citronella – Great for discouraging mosquitoes, fleas, and ticks, citronella oil can be placed in a spray bottle and used on your pet, yard, or inside your home.

Is apple cider vinegar safe for dogs? ›

Apple cider vinegar is made from just apples and water, making it completely safe for dogs. It is slightly acidic, with a pH of 3.1 to 5, which gives it properties that can soothe a dog's overly alkalized digestive tract. Add a teaspoon of ACV to your dog's water bowl and see if he'll drink it!

What do holistic vets recommend for fleas and ticks? ›

Dr. Yasson recommends regular visual monitoring with a flea comb for your cat and dog. Topical products with neem and lavender spray (2 drops of oil per 1 ounce of water with a drop or two of dish soap per bottle). For severe infestations use Frontline with a Seresto Collar.

How often should I spray my dog with apple cider vinegar? ›

Once a week, spray your dog's fur with the mixture. Although not scientifically proven to get rid of flea, the acidic taste of the vinegar may repel fleas and other parasites. If your dog dislikes being sprayed, dip a washcloth into the mixture and rub your dog's coat. There is no need to rinse your dog afterward.

What does fleas not like? ›

Natural flea repellents such as citronella, eucalyptus, peppermint, and geraniol may naturally repel fleas. If your pet doesn't mind a spray bottle, dilute a few drops of your chosen repellent into 10-13 fl oz of water and spray directly onto your pet's coat.

What immediately kills fleas? ›

You want to immediately kill any fleas removed from your pup's fur by dunking them in hot, soapy water. If you try to crush or flush these sneaky insects, they might surprise you with their jumping expertise—they're amazing escape artists. Bathe your pet with warm water and mild soap.

What kills fleas permanently? ›

Choose an insecticide that contains both an adulticide (kills adult fleas), such as permethrin, and an insect growth regulator (kills the eggs, larvae, and pupae), such as methoprene or pyriproxyfen.

What spice keeps fleas away? ›

Many herbs also act as natural flea repellents, including mint, rosemary, lavender and catnip. These can all be grown in pots as well as in garden beds, although mint is very invasive if not contained.

How does coffee grounds get rid of fleas? ›

A natural alternative for flea repellent is coffee grounds. Bathe your pet with their normal shampoo. Once, you've bathed your pet, cover them profusely in coffee grounds, and gently rub the grounds into their coat.

What kills fleas in the house? ›

Take a look at some of the effective ways you can get rid of them in your home:
  • Use baking soda. ...
  • Sprinkle salt. ...
  • Lemon spray. ...
  • Wash all bedding in hot, soapy water. ...
  • Use rosemary. ...
  • Hire a steam cleaner. ...
  • Use a powerful vacuum. ...
  • Use a pet-safe flea spray.
20 Jul 2022

How effective is Dawn dish soap on fleas? ›

Although Dawn kills fleas, veterinarians say it doesn't repel them or prevent infestations. Think of it as more of a temporary fix than a permanent solution.

How do you make natural flea spray? ›

Here's how to make this: in an empty spray bottle, you'll need to combine 1 cup of apple cider vinegar, 3 drops of lavender or peppermint essential oil, and then fill the rest with water. The apple cider vinegar and essential oils repel the fleas, and the oils mask some of the bad scents of the apple cider vinegar.

Do dryer sheets repel fleas? ›

So far, the creatures that seem to be repelled by dryer sheets are- certain mites, food-infesting beetles, weevils, German cockroaches, and fungus gnats. However, in our research, we did not find one study or test that claimed these dryer sheets repelled fleas.

Can I spray apple cider vinegar on my carpet for fleas? ›

Can You Use Apple Cider Vinegar as a Homemade Flea Spray? Using a DIY flea spray of apple cider vinegar on a rug or dog bed will not kill fleas of any life stage. That's because the acid in vinegar is not strong enough to penetrate the shell of flea eggs or larvae.

Is coconut oil safe for cats? ›

Risks of Coconut Oil for Cats

While coconut oil does have some benefits for cats, it's important to note that the ASPCA has it on their list of “People Foods to Avoid Feeding Your Pets,” saying that it probably won't cause much harm, but could result in upset stomachs or diarrhea.

How did my indoor cat get fleas? ›

The most common way for fleas to enter your household is on the family dog or another pet that comes inside from being outdoors. Cats can also get fleas from neighbor pets and local wildlife, such as birds, rabbits, guinea pigs, racoons, possums, squirrels, and skunks.

How does baking soda get rid of fleas on cats? ›

Baking soda does not kill adult fleas and will do nothing to protect your pets. It is excellent at absorbing smells and has been suggested by some online pet sites for use as a flea killer because it “may” dry out flea eggs and larvae. But there is no evidence that using baking soda to kill fleas is effective at all.

What do fleas on cats hate? ›

Wash Cat Fleas Away

Try a shampoo with a low concentration of natural oils known to repel fleas, such as cedar, lavender, eucalyptus, or citrus. A diluted solution of apple cider vinegar may also help get rid of fleas. If your cat hates baths, try these tips for making the experience more pleasant for both of you.

How do lemons get rid of cat fleas? ›

By spraying or brushing lemons onto your cat's coat to help get rid of the fleas. Slice a lemon and let it steep in boiling water then drain the water when cooled into a spray bottle. Spray gently onto your cat's fur and brush in, making sure you avoid their eyes.

Does coconut oil repel fleas on cats? ›

100% natural, human-grade coconut oil acts as an effective flea and tick repellent. It's a safe and natural alternative to powerful chemicals that risk the health of your precious pets.

Will the fleas in my house go away on their own? ›

You might be asking yourself will fleas eventually go away? While some could last 2 – 3 weeks, they could also live for up to 12 months on the host it finds, so it is unlikely they will go away on their own. Fleas can also reproduce very quickly by laying eggs in carpet, bedding, or garden prolonging the infestation.

What can I do to protect my dog? ›

8 Ways to Protect Your Pets from Disease
  1. Keep Up with Vaccinations.
  2. Use Preventative Medications.
  3. Check Over Your Pets When They Come Inside.
  4. Get Routine Vet Visits.
  5. Schedule an Appointment if Your Pet Shows Signs of Illness.
  6. Keep Pets Away from Wildlife.
  7. Watch What Your Pet Eats.
  8. Wash Your Hands Thoroughly.
17 Aug 2021

What are the ways to protect the dog? ›

Keep the Following Tips in Mind
  1. Keep Your Dog Up to Date on Vaccinations. ...
  2. Don't Leave Your Dog's Food Outside. ...
  3. Don't Leave Your Dog Outside Unsupervised. ...
  4. Make Sure Your Dog Is Wearing ID. ...
  5. Make a First Aid Kit.

How do you take care of your pet 5 sentences? ›

5 Ways to Take Better Care of Your Pets
  1. Take time to exercise them. Without physical exercise, pets get out of shape, just like we do. ...
  2. Take time to provide mental exercise, too. ...
  3. Provide good dental care at home. ...
  4. Take your pet to the veterinarian once or twice a year. ...
  5. Finally, have fun with your pet!

How do you protect animals in your area? ›

  1. Green Good Deeds for Builders.
  2. Protect Wildlife Sanctuaries.
  3. Save water bodies.
  4. Reduce Pollution While on Wheels.
  5. Energy conservation.
  6. Waste Management.
  7. Protect biodiversity.
  8. Cook and Eat Smart.

How do I tell my dog I don't need protection? ›

Show him you are leader

Make your dog wait for his food, make him wait a minute before you take him out for a walk. By doing this, you're showing him who is in control. If he knows you're always in control he won't feel the need to be protective over you in the first place.

Can you kick a dog if it attacks your dog? ›

Do not kick or punch the dog if at all possible (that might escalate in their arousal). Once the attack is over, immediately get yourself, your dog or your child away. Don't turn around, try to get further control of the situation, or try to find the owner. Just go.

Can I pepper spray a dog if it attacks my dog? ›

Using pepper spray on dogs during a dog attack will disable a canine attacker just the same as a human attacker, but keep in mind that the effects are temporary. The effects of the dog attack pepper spray will only last long enough to get you to safety.

Do dogs feel the need to protect? ›

Dogs consider their owners to be part of their pack and thus inherently feel the need to protect them in case of any threats. They also naturally get protective of things they consider theirs such as their house or shelter and resources such as food, toys, and dog beds.

What are 3 pet care skills? ›

Developing the appropriate skills for this role can help you ensure pet safety and earn more clients.
...
Examples of pet sitter skills
  • Basic knowledge of animal behavior. ...
  • Adherence to community pet regulations. ...
  • Basic animal first aid. ...
  • Communication. ...
  • Problem-solving. ...
  • Decision-making.
23 Nov 2021

How we should treat animals? ›

Full animal rights
  • Animals have rights.
  • Animals should be treated in the way that is best for the animals concerned - which may not be the way that suits human beings.
  • It is wrong for human beings to use animals for food, clothing, experiment or anything else.

What are the rules to protect animals? ›

The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960. The basic cruelty law of India is contained in the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960. The objective of the Act is to prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals and to amend the laws relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.

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